Edited by C.R. Glenn and G.M. Filippelli
Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography
Volume 54, Issues 11-13, Pages 1141-1432 (June 2007)
Shortcut URL to this page: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/09670645
Authigenic minerals are those that form very early during a sediment's history. In this capacity, the processes of authigenesis have been increasingly utilized to understand the biogeochemical conditions in water columns and sediments, and to capture the biogeochemical state of paleoenvironments. This latter use has been central to our understanding of ocean history, and has propelled the push to define the processes, pathways, and products of authigenesis in the marine environment.
This thematic issue of Deep Sea Research II joins a time-punctuated series of volumes springing from different sources, and as such includes a number of contributions detailing the formational processes and paleoceanographic implications of authigenesis in carbonates, phosphates, and iron-rich minerals. This compilation differs from its precursors, however, in that it contains many contributions that focus on authigenic carbonates in methane-rich marine sediments. This emphasis reflects myriad new discoveries in this field over the past decade. The importance of the anaerobic oxidation of methaneanaerobic (AOM) as a key carbon source to authigenic carbonates is one of the recent findings that link a product of authigenesis to the processes and pathways of formation. More importantly, however, is that this process has significant economic and paleoclimatic importance, as methane-rich deposits and clathrates are a potential target for energy development, and the stability of these deposits (or rather lack thereof) has been linked to a number of processes of global import, including dissociation-driven collapse of margin sequences resulting in tsunamis and drastic and rapid changes in the global ocean/atmosphere carbon cycle and climate in the past, and perhaps the future.
The papers of this volume are organized thematically, beginning with several carbonate studies, followed by a series of methane-related studies in a host of marine environments, and ending with individual contributions in glauconites, marcasite, and phosphorites. Collectively, these contributions reveal a continued theme in the studies of authigenic mineralsthe mineralogical targets of research may shift over time, but the goals of understanding the processes, pathways, and products of marine authigenesis for economic, paleoceanographic, and paleoclimatologic purposes remain steadfast.
1. Authigenic mineral formation in the marine environment: Pathways, processes and products
Craig R. Glenn (email@example.com,.edu) and Gabriel M. Filippelli (firstname.lastname@example.org)
2. Lithium contents and isotopic compositions of ferromanganese deposits from the global ocean
Lui-Heung Chan (email@example.com) and James R. Hein
3. Controls on the delta13C of dissolved inorganic carbon in marine pore waters: An integrated case study of isotope exchange during syndepositional recrystallization of biogenic carbonate sediments (South Florida Platform, USA)
Lynn M. Walter (firstname.lastname@example.org), Timothy C.W. Ku, Karlis Muehlenbachs, William P. Patterson and Linda Bonnell
4. An authigenic calcite layer in the sediments of the Sea of MarmaraA geochemical marker horizon with paleoceanographic significance
T. Reichel (Thomas.Reichel@hydro.com) and P. Halbach
5. Pore water profiles and authigenic mineralization in shallow marine sediments above the methane-charged system on Umitaka Spur, Japan Sea
Glen T. Snyder (email@example.com), Akihiro Hiruta, Ryo Matsumoto, Gerald R. Dickens, Hitoshi Tomaru, Rika Takeuchi, Junko Komatsubara, Yasushi Ishida and Hua Yu
6. Authigenic carbon entombed in methane-soaked sediments from the northeastern transform margin of the Guaymas Basin, Gulf of California
Charles K. Paull (firstname.lastname@example.org), William Ussler III, Edward T. Peltzer, Peter G. Brewer, Rendy Keaten, Patrick J. Mitts, Jeffrey W. Nealon, Jens Greinert, Juan-Carlos Herguera and M. Elena Perez
7. Authigenic carbonate formation at hydrocarbon seeps in continental margin sediments: A comparative study
Thomas H. Naehr (email@example.com), Peter Eichhubl, Victoria J. Orphan, Martin Hovland, Charles K. Paull, William Ussler III, Thomas D. Lorenson and H. Gary Greene
8. Nature and origin of diagenetic carbonate crusts and concretions from mud volcanoes and pockmarks of the Nile deep-sea fan (eastern Mediterranean Sea)
S. Gontharet (firstname.lastname@example.org), C. Pierre, M.-M. Blanc-Valleron, J.M. Rouchy, Y. Fouqußet, G. Bayon, J.P. Foucher, J. Woodside and J. Mascle
9. Oxidation of detrital pyrite as a cause for Marcasite Formation in marine lag deposits from the Devonian of the eastern US
Juergen Schieber (jSchiebe@Indiana.edu)
10. Barite-forming environments along a rifted continental margin, Southern California Borderland
James R. Hein (email@example.com), Robert A. Zierenberg, J. Barry Maynard and Mark D. Hannington
11. Paragenesis of the Morgan Creek Limestone, Late Cambrian, central Texas: Constraints on the formation of glauconite
Henry S. Chafetz (HChafetz@uh.edu)
12. Evolution patterns of glaucony maturity: A mineralogical and geochemical approach
Alessandro Amorosi (firstname.lastname@example.org), Irene Sammartino and Fabio Tateo
13. Oligocene to Holocene glauconitephosphorite grains from the Head of the Cape Canyon on the western margin of South Africa
Rochelle Wigley and John S. Compton (email@example.com)
14. Rare-earth elements in the Permian Phosphoria Formation: Paleo proxies of ocean geochemistry
D.Z. Piper (firstname.lastname@example.org), R.B. Perkins and H.D. Rowe
15. Geochemistry of rare earth elements in early-diagenetic miocene phosphatic concretions of Patagonia, Argentina: Phosphogenetic implications
A.M. Fazio (email@example.com), R.A. Scasso, L.N. Castro and S. Carey
Introduction to Geomicrobiology
Publication year: 2006
By: Kurt Konhauser (University of Alberta)
Introduction to Geomicrobiology is a timely and comprehensive overview of how microbial life has affected Earth's environment through time. It shows how the ubiquity of microorganisms, their high chemical reactivity, and their metabolic diversity make them a significant factor controlling the chemical composition of our planet.
The following topics are covered:
• how microorganisms are classified, the physical constraints governing their growth, molecular approaches to studying microbial diversity, and life in extreme environments
• bioenergetics, microbial metabolic capabilities, and major biogeochemical pathways
• chemical reactivity of the cell surface, metal sorption, and the microbial role in contaminant mobility and bioremediation/biorecovery
• microbiological mineral formation and fossilization
• the function of microorganisms in mineral dissolution and oxidation, and the industrial and environmental ramifications of these processes
• elemental cycling in biofilms, formation of microbialites, and sediment diagenesis
• the events that led to the emergence of life, evolution of metabolic processes, and the diversification of the biosphere.
1. Microbial properties and diversity
2. Microbial metabolism
3. Cell surface reactivity and metal sorption
5. Microbial weathering
6. Microbial zonation
7. Early microbial life
From Deposition to the Post-Mining Environment
J.R. Hein, US Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA, USA
Publication year: 2004
Geological, geoenvironmental, and resource studies were completed to study a world-class phosphate ore in the Western US Phosphate Field. This integrated, multi-agency, multidisciplinary research emphasized: (1) Geological and geochemical baseline characterization of the deposit and associated rocks, (2) Delineation, assessment, and spatial analysis of phosphate resources and lands disturbed by mining, (3) Contaminant residence, reaction pathways, and environmental fate associated with the occurrence, development, and use of phosphate rock, and (4) Depositional origin and evolution of the Phosphoria Formation and deposit and geoenvironmental modeling.
List of Contributors.
Part I. Introduction.
1. The Permian Earth (J.R. Hein).
2. Evolution of thought concerning the origin of the Phosphoria Formation, Western US Phosphate Field (J.R. Hein, R.B. Perkins, B.R. McIntyre).
Part II. Regional Studies.
3. The history of production of the Western Phosphate Field (S.M. Jasinski, W.H. Lee, J.D. Causey).
4. The Meade Peak Member of the Phosphoria Formation: Temporal and spatial variations in sediment geochemistry (R.B. Perkins, D.Z. Piper).
5. Regional analysis of spiculite faunas in the Permian Phosphoria basin: Implication for paleoceanography (B.L. Murchey).
6. Strain distribution and structural evolution of the Meade plate, southeastern Idaho (J.G. Evans).
Part III. Geological and Geochemical Studies in southeast Idaho.
7. The effects of weathering on the mineralogy of the Phosphoria Formation, southeastern Idaho (A.C. Knudsen, M.E. Gunter).
8. Petrogenesis and mineralogic residence of selected elements in the Meade Peak Phosphatic Shale Member of the Permian Phosphoria Formation, southeast Idaho (R.I. Grauch, G.A. Desborough et al.).
9. Weathering of the Meade Peak Phosphatic Shale Member, Phosphoria Formation: Observations based on uranium and its decay products (R.A. Zielinski, J.R. Budahn et al.).
10. Mineral affinities and distribution of selenium and other trace elements in black shale and phosphorite of the Phosphoria Formation (R.B. Perkins, A.L. Foster).
Part IV. Geoenvironmental Studies.
11. The Phosphoria Formation: A model for forecasting global selenium sources to the environment (T.S. Presser, D.Z. Piper et al.).
12. Lithogeochemistry of the Meade Peak Phosphatic Shale Member of the Phosphoria Formation, southeast Idaho (J.R. Herring, R.I. Grauch).
13. Rock leachate geochemistry of the Meade Peak Phosphatic Shale Member of the Phosphoria Formation, southeast Idaho (J.R. Herring).
14. Rex Chert Member of the Permian Phosphoria Formation: Composition, with emphasis on elements of environmental concern (J.R. Hein, B.R. McIntyre et al.).
15. Gaseous selenium and other elements in near-surface atmospheric samples, southeast Idaho (P.J. Lamothe, J.R. Herring).
16. Selenium loading through the Blackfoot River watershed: Linking sources to ecosystems (T.S. Presser, M. Hardy et al.)
17. Selenium attenuation in a wetland formed from mine drainage in the Phosphoria Formation, southeast Idaho (L.L. Stillings, M.C. Amacher).
18. Selenium and other trace elements in water, sediment, aquatic plants, aquatic invertebrates, and fish from streams in SE Idaho near phosphate mining (S.J. Hamilton, K.J. Buhl, P.J. Lamothe).
19. Uptake of selenium and other contaminant elements into plants and implications for grazing animals in southeast Idaho (C.L. Mackowiak, M.C. Amacher et al.).
Part V. Modeling Studies.
20. Review of world sedimentary phosphate deposits and occurrences (G.J. Orris, C.B. Chernoff). Check the USGS Open-File Report OF02-156A,B http://geopubs.wr.usgs.gov/open-file/of02-156/
21. Western Phosphate Field - Depositional and economic deposit models (P.R. Moyle, D.Z. Piper).
22. Societal relevance, processing, and material flow of western phosphate - Refreshments, fertilizer, and weed killer (S.M. Jasinski).
Appendix CD: Table of world sedimentary phosphate deposits (with appendices for chapters 12, 13, 18, and 19) (G.J. Orris, C.B. Chernoff).
SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology), Special Publication No. 66
Edited by Craig R. Glenn, Liliane Prévôt-Lucas and Jacques Lucas
Publication Year: 2000
logo by Craig Glenn and John (Jack) Kronen
- CONTENTS -
MARINE AUTHIGENESIS: A HOLISTIC APPROACH (abstract)
Craig R. Glenn, Liliane Prévôt-Lucas and Jacques Lucas
LIST OF SCIENTIFIC REVIEWERS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION I: GLOBAL MODELS AND EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES OF AUTHIGENIC MINERAL GENESIS AND CYCLING THROUGH TIME
OCEAN/ATMOSPHERE HISTORY AND CARBONATE PRECIPITATION RATES: A SOLUTION TO THE "DOLOMITE PROBLEM"?
Rolf S. Arvidson, Fred T. Mackenzie, and Michael W. Guidry, p. 1-5.
BENTHIC MICROBIAL COMMUNITIES AND DOLOMITE FORMATION IN MARINE AND LACUSTRINE ENVIRONMENTS - A NEW DOLOMITE MODEL
David T. Wright; p. 7-20
VARIATIONS IN THE GLOBAL PHOSPHORUS CYCLE
John Compton, David Mallinson, Craig R. Glenn, Gabriel Filippelli, Karl Föllmi, Graham Shields, and Yuri Zanin; p. 21-33
ROLE OF TECTONICS IN PHOSPHORUS DISTRIBUTION AND CYCLING
Michael W. Guidry, Fred T. Mackenzie and Rolf S. Arvidson, p. 35-51.
THE GLOBAL DIAGENETIC FLUX OF PHOSPHORUS FROM MARINE SEDIMENTS TO THE OCEANS: REDOX SENSITIVITY AND THE CONTROL OF ATMOSPHERIC OXYGEN LEVELS
Albert S. Colman and Heinrich D. Holland; p. 53-75
TRANSFER OF PHOSPHORUS FROM THE INDIAN SUB-CONTINENT TO THE ADJACENT OCEANS
Vaidyanatha Subramanian, p. 77-88
THE IMPACT OF EARLY-DIAGENETIC ALUMINOPHOSPHATE PRECIPITATION ON THE OCEANIC PHOSPHORUS BUDGET
Birger Rasmussen; p. 89-101.
ISOTOPIC RECORDS ACROSS TWO PHOSPHORITE GIANT EPISODES COMPARED: THE PRECAMBRIAN - CAMBRIAN AND THE LATE CRETACEOUS - RECENT
Graham Shields, Peter Stille and Martin D. Brasier, p. 103-115
PHOSPHORITE AND LIMESTONE, TWO INDEPENDENT END-MEMBER PRODUCTS OF THE RANGE OF BIO-PRODUCTIVITY IN SHALLOW MARINE ENVIRONMENTS
Jacques Lucas and Liliane Prévôt-Lucas; p. 117-125
OOIDAL IRONSTONES AND PHOSPHORITES - A COMPARISON FROM A STRATIGRAPHER'S VIEW
Franklyn Van Houten; p. 127-132
HYDROTHERMAL BACTERIAL BIOMINERALIZATION: POTENTIAL MODERN-DAY ANALOGUES FOR BANDED IRON FORMATIONS
Kurt O. Konhauser, p. 133-135
BEDDED BARITE IN THE GEOLOGIC RECORD
Paul W. Jewell; p. 147-161
SECTION II: PHOSPHORITES, GLAUCONITES AND ASSOCIATED FACIES ON THE MODERN SEAFLOOR
U-SERIES, 14C, AND STABLE ISOTOPE STUDIES OF RECENT PHOSPHATIC "PROTOCRUSTS" FROM THE PERU MARGIN
William C. Burnett, Craig R. Glenn, Chiu-Chuan Yeh, Michael Schultz, Jeffrey P. Chanton, and Michaele Kashgarian; p. 163-183
FORMATION AND EVOLUTION OF PHOSPHORITE GRAINS AND NODULES ON THE NAMIBIAN SHELF, FROM RECENT TO PLEISTOCENE
Gleb N. Baturin; p. 185-199
MINERALOGICAL AND GEOCHEMICAL EVIDENCE FOR THE ORIGIN OF PHOSPHORITE NODULES ON THE UPPER WEST FLORIDA SLOPE
Kendall B. Fountain and Guerry H. McClellan; p. 201-220
RARE-EARTH ELEMENTS AND URANIUM IN PHOSPHORITE NODULES FROM THE CONTINENTAL MARGINS OF INDIA
B. Nagender Nath, B. Ramalingeswara Rao, K. Mohana Rao, and Ch. M. Rao; p. 221-232
DISTRIBUTION AND COMPOSITION OF VERDINE AND GLAUCONY FACIES FROM THE SEDIMENTS OF THE WESTERN CONTINENTAL MARGIN OF INDIA
M. Thamban and V. Purnachandra Rao; p. 233-244
SECTION III: SEAMOUNT PHOSPHORITES AND FE-MN DEPOSITS
DIAGENETIC EVOLUTION OF SEAMOUNT PHOSPHORITES
Laura M. Benninger and James R. Hein; p. p. 245-256
DIAGENESIS OF FERROMANGANESE CRUSTS: CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL ALTERATION OF ARTIFICIAL SUBSTRATES ON CROSS SEAMOUNT
Miriam A. Bertram and James P. Cowen; p. 257-269
RARE EARTH ELEMENT FRACTIONATION IN HYDROGENETIC FE-MN CRUSTS: THE INFLUENCE OF CARBONATE COMPLEXATION AND PHOSPHATIZATION ON SM/YB RATIOS
E. Heinen De Carlo, X.Y. Wen and J.P. Cowen; p. 271-285
PLATINUM AND OTHER RELATED ELEMENT ENRICHMENTS IN PACIFIC FERROMANGANESE CRUST DEPOSITS
Denys L. VonderHaar, Gary M. McMurtry, Dieter Garbe-Schönberg, Doris Stüben, and Bradley K. Esser; p. 287-308
SECTION IV: STRATIGRAPHIC, SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHIC AND CHRONOSTRATIGRAPHIC STUDIES OF MARINE AUTHIGENESIS
SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL DISTRIBUTION OF AUTHIGENIC MINERALS IN CONTINENTAL SHELF SEDIMENTS: IMPLICATIONS FOR SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHIC ANALYSIS
Kevin G. Taylor and Joe H.S. Macquaker; p. 309-323
STRATIGRAPHIC CONDENSATION AND THE REDEPOSITION OF ECONOMIC PHOSPHORITE: ALLOSTRATIGRAPHY OF OLIGO-MIOCENE SHELFAL SEDIMENTS, BAJA CALIFORNIA SUR, MEXICO
Kurt A. Grimm; p. 325-347
STRATIGRAPHY AND SEDIMENTOLOGY OF PERMIAN STRATA, UINTA MOUNTAINS, UTAH: ALLOSTRATIGRAPHIC CONTROLS ON THE ACCUMULATION OF ECONOMIC PHOSPHATE
Marc S. Hendrix and Charles W. Byers; p. 349-367
CHRONOSTRATIGRAPHY OF UPPER CENOZOIC PHOSPHORITES ON THE NORTH CAROLINA CONTINENTAL MARGIN AND THE OCEANOGRAPHIC IMPLICATIONS FOR PHOSPHOGENESIS
Stanley Riggs, Scott Snyder, Dorothea Ames, and Peter Stille ; p. 369-385
PRISTINE TO REWORKED VERDINE: KEYS TO SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHY IN MIXED CARBONATE-SILICICLASTIC FOREREEF SEDIMENTS (GREAT BARRIER REEF)
John D. Kronen, Jr. and Craig R. Glenn; p. 387-403
ANATOMY OF A CONDENSED SECTION: THE LOWER CENOMANIAN GLAUCONY-RICH DEPOSITS OF CAP BLANC-NEZ (BOULONNAIS, NORTHERN FRANCE)
Alessandro Amorosi and Maria Carla Centineo; p. 405-413
SECTION V: ORIGIN OF PHOSPHORITES, GLAUCONITES AND ASSOCIATED FACIES THROUGH TIME: CASE STUDIES
CARBONATE-PHOSPHATE COMPETITION IN THE NEGEV PHOSPHORITES (SOUTHERN ISRAEL): A MICROSTRUCTURAL STUDY
David Soudry; p. 415-426
BLACK SHALES AND PHOSPHORITES, RESULTS OF DIFFERENTIAL DIAGENETIC EVOLUTION OF ORGANIC MATTER IN THE OULAD ABDOUN-TIMAHDIT SEDIMENTARY BASIN (MOROCCO)
Said Benalioulhaj, Jean Trichet, Noureddine Benalioulhaj, Jaques Lucas, B.Charlotte Schreiber and R.Paul Philip; p. 427-444
RARE-EARTH ELEMENT BEHAVIOR IN PHOSPHATES AND ORGANIC-RICH HOST SHALES: AN EXAMPLE FROM THE UPPER CARBONIFEROUS OF MIDCONTINENT NORTH AMERICA
Anna M. Cruse, Timothy W. Lyons, and David L. Kidder; p. 445-453
UPWELLING, SEDIMENTATION AND ANOXIA CONTROL ON DEPOSITION OF PHOSPHATES IN THE LATE CRETACEOUS CALIFORNIA MARGIN
Carlos Fonseca; p. 455-480
MARINE PHOSPHOGENESIS IN SHALLOW-WATER ENVIRONMENTS: CAMBRIAN, TERTIARY, AND RECENT EXAMPLES
Tobias Schwennicke, Hendrik Siegmund and Caroline Jehl; p. 481-498
BACTERIALLY MEDIATED AUTHIGENESIS IN MESOZOIC STROMATOLITES FROM CONDENSED PELAGIC SEDIMENTS (BETIC CORDILLERA, SOUTHERN SPAIN)
Agustín Martín-Algarra and Antonio Sánchez-Navas; p. 499-525
by Trappe, J., University of Bonn, Germany
Publication Year: 1998
The book presents a new and comprehensive model for the development of phosphate sediments. Starting with geochemistry and including new methods in sedimentology (sequence stratigraphy), it results in an interdisciplinary approach to a resource system covering all fields of phosphate geology. For researchers, teachers and students alike
the book offers a complete overview of the whole field including case studies of major deposits.
Keywords: phosphate sediments, sedimentology, geochemistry, stratigraphy, phosphogenesis
Contents: Phosphorus in Nature:
What is this all about?
- Phosphate Minerals and Sediments.
- The Processes: Phosphogenesis and Phosphorite Genesis.
- Phosphorite Deposystems.
- Phosphorite Deposystems Through the Phanerozoic.
1998 . XII, 316 pp.
Series: Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences.Eds.: Bhattacharji, S.; Friedman, G.M.; Neugebauer, H.J.; Seilacher, A., Vol. 76
Web Page: http://www.springer-ny.com